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The 3D Printed Heart Gets Closer

by • April 21, 2016 • No Comments

  • A fully functioning, 3D Printed heart is the Holy Grail of the industry and now it is one step nearer thanks to the Cybernetics Department of the Military University of Technology in Warsaw.

    The Polish university is appearing into augmented reality and artificial neural networks to turn it into fish, functioning cardiac chambers. Dr Krzysztof Murawski PhD, Dr Leszek Grad, Dr Artur Archiuch PhD and Professor Pustelny, of the Optoelectronics Department of the Silesian University of Technology have pooled their collective intelligence to turn it into artificial hearts of silicon and rubber.

    A home plumbing project with big ambitions


    The resulting heart chambers appear a little like a home-brew plumbing project, but the significant part is which the resulting versions can be analysed and tested. The finished option can approximately pretty appear quite various to the prototypes.

    The team have created full use of the Zortrax M200 3D printing device to turn it into a variety of various versions to test their theories. As they have supplied power to the individual chambers of the artificial heart, they have been able-bodied to refine the operation and consistently improve the results. That means a constant donate of new parts as they refine the system for improved flow and, effectively, advantageous circulation for a transplant patient.

    At the moment this is a theoretical exercise, but the team hopes which this may, in fact, be the artificial heart of the future. If so, this basic version can evolve into a practical application which saves lives around the world.

    Bioprinted heart yet a few way off

    This can seem like a backward step, as 3D Bioprinting has been with us for a while. We can print bones, cartilage and muscle, but combining them and manufacturing them all stand the test of time is proving hard.

    In a report in Nature Bioinnovation in February 2015, it was claimed which we had overcome the significant problems of blood vessels not extending deep adequate into the tissue to assist artificial organs. But this is only one hurdle.

    A combination of biological cells and Polymers was touted as the new solution, and it may well turn out to be the case. One other study, published in Science Journal, announced which Carnegie Mellon researchers had managed to bioprint a viable-bodied human heart in a gel solution which helped assist the cells during the create system. Printing working Collagen and Fibrin were the significant problems the university faced once it worked out how to exploit hydrogels, but yet it claims to have overcome many of the issues.

    Rubber yet has a place

    That makes this research in Poland appear approximately antiquated, but and so it is not a real world application only yet. Bioprinting has largely been limited to implanting fragments of bone, muscle and famously ears on to mice and rats.

    The cells holding up for any length of time is considered a good results right now, but unquestionably we are a long way off via a full bioprinted heart as a legitimate transplant. Even when the innovation is eager, it can have to undergo wave after wave of testing.

    So the research going on in Poland right now, via a 3D Printer to turn it into artificial hearts of man-created materials, can be the future realistic step in the battle against heart disease. It is amazing research in any case and the flexibility which 3D Printing gives to the scientists is approximately pretty going to save lives a fewwhere along the line.

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