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Stratasys and threeASFOUR Show Math-Inspired 3D Printed Dresses at New York Fashion Week

by • March 1, 2016 • No Comments

3D PRINTED HARMONOGRAPH DRESS by threeASFOUR in collaboration with Stratasys and Travis Fitch, generated via Stratasys’ one-of-a-kind multi-color, multi-material 3D printing innovation. Photo credit: Matt Carasella

3D Printed Harmonograph Dress [Image: Matt Carasella]

Nature in its unlimited forms seems at firstly blush to be random and chaotic. There does not seem to be an overriding logic to it all. And yet, looking nearer we see acquainted patterns emerge, mathematical sequences that our minds perceive as beauty. You see it in delicate flower petals, in seed heads, shells, the human face, actually in the elegant structure of DNA. The Golden Ratio, in addition understandn as the Fibonacci sequence, seems again and again. Naturally, developers are not unaware of this and a couple of quite informative 3D printing dresses born of math and nature emerged on the runway at New York Fashion Week.

The Pangolin and Harmonograph 3D printed dresses were shown during threeASFOUR’s AW16 runway show at Milk Studios, and form part of their new Biomimicry collection. ThreeASFOUR enlisted New York-based developer Travis Fitch to turn it into these two astonishing dresses. Stratasys printed the pieces on an Objet500 Connex3 printing device in their Nano Enhanced Elastomeric Technology material, set to be released later this year.

Always hustleing the creative envelope, threeASFOUR is made of developers Gabi Asfour, Angela Donhauser, and Adi Gil, and they are continually experimenting with via the effortless geometries discovered in nature in their projects. The Harmonograph dress contours around the body in three spirals that follow the form of the Fibonacci sequence and visually portray a harmonograph, hence the moniker.

ThreeASFOUR_logo“Not just were the 3D printing capabilities of the Objet500 Connex3 essential in the production of the dress, but the entire create of its first conception was meant to maximize the potentials inherent to this innovation,” Gil explains. “The interwoven nature of the geometry may not be generated in a traditional manner, and it was significant to us that the create should evoke a language one-of-a-kind to 3D printing.”

The new Nano Enhanced Elastomeric Technology material allowed the developers to alter the flexibility of the material, creating rigidity where desired and softer portions for greater flexibility. This is especially evident in the Pangolin dress that was printed in 14 pieces and hand stitched together, combining the latest innovation with traditional garment manufacturing.

3D PRINTED PANGOLIN DRESS by threeASFOUR in collaboration with Stratasys and Travis Fitch, generated via Stratasys’ one-of-a-kind multi-color, multi-material 3D printing innovation. Photo credit: Matt Carasella

3D Printed Pangolin Dress [Image: Matt Carasella]

Pangolins are strange looking South American mammals, otherwise understand as scaly anteaters. The pangolin dress, like its namesake, features a chainmail-like series of scales. Due to the material properties of Stratasys’ Nano Enhanced Elastomeric Technology material and the create of the interlocking scales, this forms a novel textile.

As Asfour explains, “This 3D printing allows for us to turn it into a new textile that does not exist. Especially on the Pangolin 3D printed dress, it’s of a chainmail type of textile where every unit is functioning by itself and it turn it intos a four dimensional stretch – up and down, left and right, forwards and backwards. The many high end textile prior to this was Lycra that is a 4-way stretch. So this is a whole new type of movement.”

Stratasys’ new material and the Objet500 Connex3 in addition allowed the developers to have control of subtle color variations through every piece. This, combined with the capacity to alter the stiffness and flexibility throughout every dress, truly makes these produces a cut above the rest.

“Having the capcapacity to alter color and rigidity in a single piece via Stratasys’ Connex3 3D printing innovation inspired us to explore flexibility, depth and transformation as inherent create objectives,” comments Gil. “As artists and developers, it is our prerogative and our nature to explore the bounds of new technological opportunities, and to hustle the limits of the way in that forms are turn it intod. As the many high end 3D printed dresses that we have turn it intod to date, we are incredibly excited to feature these pieces and demonstrate the one-of-a-kind possibilities unfolding at the intersection of style, create and innovation.”

Below is a video of the creation of the Pangolin and Harmonograph dresses: