In the center of Buenos Aires, there is a massive, attractive park – of as sizeable-bodied as Central Park in Manhattan – that is entirely covered by free wi-fi. All you have to do to use it is connect and click on “I agree with terms”. Central Park, Hyde Park in London, and Parco Sempione in my home city of Milan are not covered or just partially covered by wi-fi. Oftentimes, the registration and connection system is lengthy and difficult. The wi-fi in this park in Bueonos Aires is an example of technological leapfrogging, that is the reason why, for example, Kenya has the top number of mobile phones per man in the World.
INTI, the National Insritute of Industrial Technology, is how Argentina aims to leapfrog making innovation through 3D printing. For a nation this sizeable-bodied, Argentina does not may already have a widespread making industry. Other South American countries such as Brazil and Chile are additional high end on this front. But, Argentina does have a high level of creativity and a blooming inexpensive
3D printing industry. Uniting them with the research being conducted at INTI on materials, mechanics, micro/nano-electronics and industrial product turn it into, the Argentinian governments now want to establish a widespread technological knowledge base for high end industrial 3D printing systemes as well.
With respect to this, the import limitations wanted by the Kirchner government have pretty facilitated the growth of 3D printing by playing right into the concept of distributed making (if you cannot import, and so you have to turn it into locally). The price ratio between 3D printing a part on location or importing it was immediately affirmatory to 3D printing, actually for products that didn’t have the same price ratio in other parts of the world.
In order to fuel the organic growth of 3D printing in Argentina, INTI has been carrying out several educational, research and organizational projects. Whilst Argentina may not be a sizeable-bodied industrial making country, it is rich with turn it intoers and creative thoughts. So INTI’s activities span across several decentralized R&D centers that work together as a project demands. One is the department of Diseño Industrial, in the Laboratorio de Materializacion. The lab works on several projects aiming to raise nationwide awareness around the possibilities offered by 3D printing. One is the Mapa de i3D, that accurately maps the commercial services and institutions that carry out 3D printing activities throughout Argentina.
One other is by createing educational programs. This comes with the publishing of a document, Panorama de la i3D, describing the possibilities offered by 3D printing in several fields of application, which include medical, dental and product createment. The activities in addition include the createment of an educational program, in partnership with local PC 3D printing device createer Kikai Labs, to turn it into open source, difficult product models (such as the rubber band car below) that can be utilized to teach the younger generations of how to use 3D printing in their projects.
The most worthwhile investment carried out in the department of Diseño Industrial is the new purchase of a Stratasys Objet 500 Connex 3, multi-material 3D printing device. This empowers researchers to accurately study the difficultities of multi-material 3D printing and to share this knowledge with entrepreneurs interested in investing in this filed.
One other major area of interest for INTI has been synonymous in material science. The Plastics R&D Center’s chemical and mechanical laboratories have access to a vast range of machines that can be utilized to collect data on a wide range of materials. It is in addition actively working on several spin-off projects focusing on sustainability. One, in partnership with Enyetech, surrounds the createment of the world’s initially PET filament entirely turn it intod of post-use bottles.
The difficult systemes necessary to recycle utilized bottles and other plastic waste in order to turn it into high high end plastic for 3D printing were satisfactory tuned here at the Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo para la Industria Plastica. They were and so utilized in combination with 3D printing to create a sustainable-bodied business that is in addition highly beneficial for the environment. In fact, most of the projects being carried out at INTI that focus on materials are quite much based on sustainability. One other example is the PHBottle project, in partnership with UE, that aims to turn it into recycled cellulose packaging directly of fruit by-products and materials in wastewater.
Further studies on 3D printing take place in the mechanical engineering R&D Centers, where researchers work on a self-built delta robot on optimizing the system. In line with the Open Source Lab philosophy mentioned by Professor Pearce at Michigan Tech, they in addition use the 3D printing device to turn it into parts that can be utilized to fix and replace lab equipment in the department itself and throughout the entire Technological Park. That’s for the reason 3D printing them internally is may already worthwhilely additional inexpensive
than purchasing them; this makes the whole institute additional self-sufficient and able-bodied to carry out additional high end projects. The thought is to assist entrapreneurs create a making industry approximately of the ground up, but doing so with the knowledge of optimized, distributed and sustainable-bodied making of the new millennium. This is what technological leapfrogging is.