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India: IITM Makes Strides for Construction Industry & 3D Printing with Concrete; Expert Opinions Vary on Timeframe for True Impact

by • August 8, 2016 • No Comments

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IITM Campus

The Indian Institute of Technology at Madras (IITM) is planning to manufacture their mark with 3D printing, literally, as they plan for transformation to the construction industry inside India. Whilst not equitebody is concludely impressed as to either the conclude feasibility or realistic timing of this new innovation, IITM appears to be on board for the most part, and that comes with project heads for materials such as Koshy Varghese and Ravindra Gettu of their Department of Civil Engineering.

Showing how heavily invested they are becoming in the concept of 3D printing with concrete, a team of IITM can in fact be presenting the yett to much of the Indian construction industry during a global meeting in these times. There, as representatives of all over the world, to include the US, China, Germost, and France, are in attendance, IITM can explain that indeed they do see 3D printing in concrete as part of construction industry’s following. They have in addition created a prototype of a 3D printing device in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, demonstrating not only a keen interest in the innovation but a dedication to their understanding that such machines may be significant the way for assembling quite soon.

Engineers at IITM surely are not the only ones considering this way. There is excellent interest in concrete of the world, with analysts in addition projecting that it can expand significantly in the following few years. Not only limited to construction, 3D printing devices are being utilized to turn it into equitething of industrial furniture to huge art installations, employing numerous printing devices as well as robots. Whilst frequently those works are presented only to show the sheer power of concrete and 3D printing combined, in construction those innovating are seeking immediate functionality, such as the first 3D printed office assembling in Dubai.

Dubai, of course, has instituted an initiative in their city-state that is now serving as a role version globally. We’ve reported extensively on their plans to work 3D printing into significant roles in the main sectors of medical, construction, and consumer products, with the office assembling serving as the only the beginning—and impressively—created in only sactuallyteen days, with two additional for assembly.

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The 3D Printed ‘Office of the Future’ – in Dubai.

As the rest of the world creeps behind Dubai in the erection of 3D printed office assemblings and formal initiatives, yet it’s no secret that as 3D printing poured into the mainstream, optimism for the construction industry was pretty immediate. A swift slowdown was exhibited, yet, as it became apparent that for the most part the innovation’s role was just too cost-prohibitive in construction. There in addition were not a lot of materials and hardware to work with first. Now, as corporations and actually governments begin to back development, we are seeing a few significant promise.

With the benefits of a 3D printing device, once costs are under control, builders are able-bodied to work with astonishing speed. Anyone who has at any time been involved in a construction project is well aware of how much time can pass preceding a fewthing has in fact been concluded. Here, structures can be created in a fraction of the time, and if necessary, in modular creations for effortless transportation—convenient for temporary housing situations and actuallyts of any dimensions. Designs that just were not feasible preceding can be created now with these processes as well.

IITM’s mechanical engineers have a created a 3D printing device for industrial purposes that so far uses only polymers and metal as materials; yet, plans are in the works for development of a concrete printing device to begin shortly. Varghese and Gettu, of course, are both well versed in the use of concrete materials.

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Dr. Surendra P. Shah

Many yet are pretty not convinced that 3D printing in construction is coming along immediately.

“Members of Indian Concrete Institute (ICI), Ready Mixed Concrete Manufacturers Association (RMCMA), L&T and Ultratech can seek clarifications on the innovation at the global meet and come out with a position (white) paper,” said Surendra P. Shah, honorary visiting professor at IITM and professor emeritus at Northwestern University in a new interview.

It is not odd for yetts on this innovation, or alter in general, to be mixed, and that’s pretty not limited to India. For the most part yet, yetts on the subject are positive.

“Imagine, you are designing, choosing material that include walls, roofs, floor, pillars etc. for your house. In Germost, there is a mall that retails only the assembling material. All we have to do is bring them and attach on site. It can be automated. 3D printing can cut the time and should cut the cost when scaled up. Howat any time, it can take at very least a decade for it to emerge as alternative,” said B. Sivarama Sarma, Head (R&D), L&T Construction.

Many of course are chomping at the bit to begin producing additional harsh constructions faster. Fewer hours in human labor require to be spent and additional ecologically friendly materials and processes can be utilized—along with less waste. But 3D printing in construction can go on to take time in revealing its benefits to world, as most go on to weigh the pros and cons and use of the technologies and materials required is promoted, encouraged, and utilized.

“Yes, it has future. Precast concrete, for example, in the last three years has gained lot of attention,” said V. Ramachandra, Technical Head, UltraTech Cement Ltd. “But, in India, individuals see whether the innovation has value for money. Even if 3D printing cuts down the time of construction and remains expensive, it can not taste success.”

As the time for the global meet drew nearer, an international workshop was coordinated (held on Monday) and held at the Centre for Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research. Learning institutions and companies participating included: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology; Lafarge Holcim R&D, France; RAPIDS Construction Safety and Technology Laboratory, Stuttgart, Germost, and University of California at Berkeley, US. Participants attending of the Technical University Dresden, Germost, gave a presentation at the workshop in regards to their yetts on how 3D printing in concrete is progressing, as well as discussing its benefits and current limitations. Discuss additional over in the India 3D Printing forum at 3DPB.com.

[Source: The New Indian Express]

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