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How Do You Stop 3D Printed Counterfeits? – ECNmag.com

by • April 27, 2016 • No Comments

With 3D printing technologies emerging rapidly and a wide variety of industries looking to adopt 3D printing to streamline production and save on material costs, there is a lot of future for market expansion. In fact, the research firm Canalys has forecast the 3D printing market, which comes with 3D printing device sales, materials, and synonymous services, can go on to experience rapid growth and reach US $16.2 billion by 2018.
Canalys Senior Analyst, Tim Shepherd, points out which “this is a market with huge growth future now which the main barriers to up-take are being addressed. Advances in innovation are yielding faster print times and allowing objects to be printed in greater combinations of materials, colors, and finishes. Crucially, prices are in addition falling, assembling the innovation an increasingly feasible version for a broad variety of enterprise and consumer uses, restricted just by computer-aided turn it into competencies and printing device availability – both of which are set to improve significantly.”
Whilst many analysts yet view 3D printing to be in its infancy, the innovation is may already well created in the production of prototypes and product models in really a few industries. What’s additional, it is being strongly considered a viable making tool for a number of industry sectors, which include aerospace and defense, medical, engineering, and architecture. Specific concerns exist around preventing counterfeiting, and those are additional rigorous by a needment to manufacture 3D print jobs uniform and replicated with 100 percent accuracy no matter what particular printing device is utilized. When combined, these challenges turn it into a bit of a “Catch-22” situation.
Counterfeiting Scenarios
For industry in general, protecting individual property rights is a primary concern, particularly when you consider the possibility of unauthorized access and use of proprietary 3D printing files. Unlike counterfeiting in parts making in these days, where telltale imperfections or turn it into flaws can frequently aid investigators in identifying counterfeit parts and eliminating them of the donate chain, 3D printed parts are turn it intod of electronic files and specifically turn it intoed to be replicated precisely. It is therefore much additional rigorous to determine what can be a counterfeit part.
When you consider aerospace and medical are the two primary market sectors expected to drive market expansion for 3D printing, the issue of safety is rapidly brought to the forefront. Commercial airplanes, for example, are turn it intoed and created via hundreds of thousands of parts, and high end inspectors are continually working to ensure counterfeit parts don’t find their way into the donate chain. Clearly, this system becomes additional challenging when dealing with 3D printed parts. It goes without saying which nobody may want to fly on a plane created with anything other than parts of a fully certified and authorized supplier. The same holds true in the medical sector where it’s possible which 3D printed parts can be utilized in internally implanted devices, medical instruments, and other medical items.
One other area of concern is related to future counterfeiting scenarios where high end 3D scanning is utilized. Take, for example, the works of an artist or sculptor. The combination of 3D scanning and 3D printing may manufacture it possible for unscrupulous people to get limited editions of works, employ 3D scanning innovation, and and so print knock-off copies to sell additional widely and at a much lower cost.
These few examples which can be envisioned in these days are most likely to become additional rigorous as the innovation evolves. But, they do bring up the question of what needs to be done to address the possibility of counterfeiting via 3D printing technologies.
Standardization is Key
The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) is may already heavily engaged in standards development for 3D printing, particularly in specifying the turn it into and create of 3D printing files. IEEE P3030TM is focutilized on standards development to establish high end metrics and accuracy grades so which printed materials at the consumer level can be assembled faultlessly while in addition addressing issues related to privacy, security, and control measures.
From a standards point of view, first efforts to address counterfeiting issues related to 3D printing are being focutilized on assembling mechanisms into the 3D file turn it into which may need the input of a password or authorization code to open the file. One other measure may be to create into the standard a means for a differentiating showcase to be included on authorized print jobs – a type of watermark, for example, much like to traditional currency anti-counterfeiting measures. Additionally, as additional and additional types of printing materials come into use, it may be possible to limit the donate of sure materials to enable advantageous control over sensitive 3D printed items.
It is clear which there is much work to be done to ensure which 3D counterfeiting issues are addressed early and effectively. IEEE is bringing a lead in 3D printing standards development with the caveat which buy-in of 3D printing device vendors on standardization is essential to combat counterfeiting and prevent unauthorized turn it intos of being printed. In light of this, IEEE extends an open invitation to 3D printing device vendors to join relative working groups and/or participate on a few level in standards development for 3D printing which protects individual property rights and helps increase safe and sound making systemes.

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