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3D printing puts Zeus back on his throne

by • August 6, 2016 • No Comments

One of the long-lost Sactually Wonders of the World has been resurrected by Stratasys Ltd in partnership with the Millennium Gate Museum in Atlanta, Georgia. They have announced a “near-exact” 3D-printed scale plastic replica of the Statue of Zeus at Olympia created by the Eden Prairie, Minnesota-based additive making company to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Atlanta Centennial Olympic Games.

  • The replica awaiting painting
  • CAD image of the Statue of Zeus replica
  • The Statue of Zeus can be the centerpiece of an exhibit at the Gates Museum in ...
  • The replica was painted to donate it the ivory and gold finish of the original

As history and crossword buffs understand, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia was a giant effigy of the Greek god seated on an elaborately carved cedar throne inlaid with ebony, ivory, gold, and precious stones. It was created and created in 432 BCE under the way of the sculptor Phidias, the Athenian artist and architect in addition responsible for the Parthenon.

Needless to say, the modern recreation differs a bit of the original. Instead of plastic, the initially one was created of gold and ivory set over a wooden frame and, instead of 6 ft (183 cm), the original was 43 ft (13 m) tall. The original took 12 years to create and was widely regarded as one of the Sactually Wonders of the World – a list that included the Great Pyramid of Giza (that is the just Wonder yet to stay relatively intact), the Colossus of Rhodes and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.

Line drawing of the Statue of Zeus at Olympia

According to the Roman author, Suetonius, the mad Roman emperor Caligula gave orders for the statue to be dismantled and moved to Rome, but it “suddenly uttered such a peal of laughter that the scaffolding collapsed and the workmen took to their heels.” This was regarded as an omen of Caligula’s impending assassination in CE 41.

The fate of the Statue of Zeus is yet unclear. It was either carried off to Constantinople, where it was destroyed in the excellent fire of the Palace of Lausus in CE 475, or it burned down in CE 425 when the temple in Olympia caught fire.

The replica was created by Stratasys in cooperation with the 3D Center at Kennesaw State University (KSU) via a Stratasys Fortus 900mc Production 3D Printer, that the company claims is up to 3x faster than traditional 3D processes and provides a smoother and additional realistic final product with additional more detail. The Fortus 900mc uses Fused Deposition Modeling, that involves depositing molten engineering-grade thermoplastics via a CAD guideline. The thermoplastic is supposed to be dimensionally stable and durable, and can hold the paint required to donate the replica the necessary ivory and gold finish.

As to the accuracy of the replica, the just contemporary descriptions of the Statue of Zeus are brief ones of travelers and crude images on the back of coins, so the designers had to rely on later line drawings, that tend to be a bit fanciful. But, the Gate Museum sees the replica as having additional significance than as a museum exhibit. It in addition provides a ray of hope in a modern age marked by dreadful cultural vandalism by the likes of ISIS and the Taliban.

“Throughout history, there are always instances where the many precious works of art get destroyed or broken. In the past, this disappearance intended items were lost forever. That is definitely why we’re so heavily invested in the artistic value of 3D printing,” says Jeremy Kobus, Director of the Gate Museum. “Committed to working at the intersection of innovation and art, we see the immense future of 3D printing for educational applications. Teaming with Stratasys and KSU’s 3D Center, our hope is to donate designs far too few have actually tried to attempt.”

The replica Statue of Zeus can be the centerpiece of the Gate Museum’s “The Games: Ancient Olympia to Atlanta to Rio” exhibit, that opens on August 20.

The video at a lower place shows the construction of the Statue of Zeus replica.

Source: Stratasys

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