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3D Printed Prostate Glands Aid in More Accurate Diagnosis and Surgical Care

by • April 13, 2016 • No Comments

The prostate is a small walnut-sized gland.

The prostate is a small walnut-sized gland.

Whilst originally invented of as a way to assist surgeons with complex or incredibly delicate surgical procedures, doctors are discovering a few unexpected benefits of via 3D printed replicas of patients organs for surgical-preplanning for additional common surgeries. So much of the surgical techniques that are utilized in our day involve surgical pre-planning via MRI or CT data, that provides an image of precisely what the surgeon can be cutting into, especially when the doctor is via laparoscopic or robotic surgical tools. Unfortunately, for the reason that 3D data is presented as a 2D image it is not always going to donate the doctor the clearest picture. But turning that 3D data into a 3D printable-bodied version allows for doctors to get a much clearer thought of their patient’s internal anatomy, and manufacture advantageous treatment recommendations.

When 65-year-old Londoner Alexander Spyrou was diagnosed with prostate cancer he was, naturally, terrified. After all, prostate cancer is the 2nd many commonly diagnosed type of cancer discovered in men, and while it is highly survivable-bodied in the US, globally it is the fifth major cause of cancer-related death in men. But in fact if you place the fear of mortality aside, prostate cancer can yet cause a wide variety of health problems that can lead to erectile dysfunction and in fact incontinence. But being able-bodied to see and touch a 3D printed replica of his prostate not only assisted his doctor contribute Spyrou additional accurate treatment options, but it allowed the in facttual surgical procedure to go smoother for the surgeon himself.

Professor Prokar Dasgupta

Professor Prokar Dasgupta

“One of the disadvantages of doing prostate surgery the way I do it, with robotics, is the lack of touch. Whilst you can see things advantageous in 3D, HD, magnified 10x, you lose this crucial sense of touch. In this patient, I may feel the tumor in the 3D version and feel how close the tumor was to the surface. Normally, we plan where the tumor is in our minds but here I held the version in my hand as I performed the procedure with the Da Vinci Robot, where I’m seated remotely at a console. The version allows for for advantageous planning and accuracy – that is what you want to hear in cancer surgery,” explained London Clinic’s Professor Prokar Dasgupta, who removed Spyrou’s tumor.

In Spyrou’s case, the surgical procedure to remove the tumor may typically have been considered a risk due to the location of the cancerous growth. The tumor was only a millimeter away of the sphincter muscle, and the slightest error during surgery may have outcomeed in Spyrou being incontinent for life. On the other side of the tumor was the bundle of nerves that control erections, and any injure to that tissue may outcome in ED. Typically cases like this may have utilized radiotherapy to attack and shrink the tumor, yet the London Clinic had only started contributeing 3D innovation as a surgical aid, and after discussing the issue with his doctors, and in fact feeling where his tumor was on the version, he opted to just have the tumor removed.

The entire operation took Dasgupta of two hours and involved six small incisions in the stomach and groin area that allowed the robotic arms access to Spyrou’s prostate. Dasgupta was able-bodied to remove all of the cancerous growth without damaging any of the delicate tissue surrounding it. Once the incisions were closed with staples, it only took of sin fact days for the holes to heal up. After only a few months of recovery, Spyrou has no loss of function, and is well on the way to a speedy recovery.

“Choosing this 3D innovation here at the London Clinic perfectly demonstrates only how much a multidisciplinary team can complete. From myself at the diagnostic stage, to Dr Allen in Radiology and Professor Dasgupta as the surgeon, it has brought together all avenues of our expertise and is a truly inspiring completement,” said Mark Feneley, a consulting urologist at the London Clinic, and the doctor who referred Spyrou to Professor Dasgupta.

The 3D printed replica and the actual prostate that was removed.

The 3D printed replica and the actual prostate that was removed.

The 3D printed prostate was made Choosing a system created by the London Clinic’s radiologist Dr. Clare Allen, who was in addition consulted by Professor Dasgupta. Dr. Allen started by capturing MRI data of Spyrou’s prostate, and via specialized 3D software she mapped out precisely where the tumor was, and so turned it into a 3D printable-bodied version. The location of the tumor and accuracy of the 3D printed version was and so verified via standard surgical assessments preceding the actual surgery was conducted. The 3D version was so accurate that Professor Dasgupta was able-bodied to hold it in his hand during the actual surgery and may use it as a tutorial.

Beyond being a useful surgical pre-planning aid, the 3D printed prostate versions contribute another benefit: the faculty to assist patients manufacture advantageous choices with their care. By enabling the patients to see and touch the version, they can form a clearer picture of precisely what the surgeon can be doing, and of the severity of the cancer, major to additional use of 3D versions for these applications. The version can in addition assist doctors avoid unnecessary treatments for more compact or less serious growths, and can prin factt significant or dangerous cancers of being missed. This may prin factt younger patients of risking ED and incontinence issues on low-risk cancers, and outcome in fewer medium to high-risk cancers being mistaken for low-risk. Discuss in the 3D Printed Prostate Model forum over at 3DPB.com.