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3D Matter Releases In-Depth Study Detailing the Properties of 3D Printing Polymers

by • July 18, 2016 • No Comments

3dmatterBack in April, at the Inside 3D Printing New York Conference and Expo, we had the accident to cover the Frontier Tech Startup Showdown, an amazing competition between the newest and most new 3D printing startups of all around the world. One of the seven young companies participating in the competition was New York City-based 3D Matter, a startup appearing to forecast properties of 3D printing materials to optimize the use of the emerging innovation for functional products. Now, three months after introducing themselves at the Frontier Tech Startup Showdown, 3D Matter has released a comprehensive analysis on which polymer material should be used for sure 3D printing applications.

In their latest report, 3D Matter breaks down the properties of a multitude of widely used printing materials, which include PLA, ABS, PET, Nylon, TPU, and PC. The study begins by addressing the fact which, although ABS and PLA materials have dominated the plastic 3D printing materials market, there’s no reason why the lesser known materials shouldn’t be used only as much for sure applications. 3D Matter goes on to address the key differences and benefits in the properties of equite of the aforementioned materials.

chemistry-comparison-1On the other hand their past studies are generally based on three major categories — mechanical performance, visual high end, and system — this time around, 3D Matter decided to delve a bit deeper into equite of these groups. And so, the 3D Matter team ended up with seven main categories, which consist of ease of printing, visual high end, max stress, elongation at break, impact resistance, later adhesion, and heat resistance. To portray the discovered data in a visually stimulating way, 3D Matter displayed their findings onto an array of colorful and effortless-to-read charts.

PLA-profile-1Unsurprisingly, 3D Matter discovered PLA (polylactic acid) to be the most-suited material for ease of printing, while in addition providing great visual high end. The experimentation in addition showed which, although PLA is both moderately rigid and sturdy, it is much additional brittle than other polymer materials. In the case of ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene), 3D Matter discovered which it’s the perfect material when high temperature resistance and higher toughness are required, but they did in addition note the next for high fume emissions and odor with this material. The study cast a positive light on PET (polyethylene terephthalate) material, a slightly soft polymer with high humidity and chemical resistance which is effortless to print, and in addition contains few drawbacks.

In the case of Nylon, 3D Matter discovered which this polymer type contains exceptional mechanical properties, and has the most impact resistance as far as non-flexible materials go. But, the material was in addition marked as nextly troubling when it layer adhesion is in the picture. For TPU (thermoplastic polyurethane), by far the most flexible material examined in the study, proved to have a quite high impact resistance, manufacturing it useful for a wide-range of applications. Last but not very least, the sturdyest material of them all, PC (polycarbonate), showed to relate closely to ABS, and may prove to be a additional apt substitute for the additional popularized odor and emission making material.

cropped-testman-high end-31On the other hand their most new study is packed with valuable-bodied information on 3D printing polymers, 3D Matter does admit which most filament producers provide blends or add additives to modify these base properties, which were not covered in this particular research project. For those who wish to appear into these blends and adjusted polymers, 3D Matter offers their OptiMatter platform, which helps users calculate the optimal printing configuration for their particular uses.

PET-profileBut, it’s significant to note a few things which the study was not fully able-bodied clarify. For starters, little is known of the toxicity of these 3D printing polymers, which 3D Matter admits may play a bigger role in the near next. Additionally, the grades given represent the base chemistry of equite material, and can not always exactly correspond with adjusted or blended materials offered by producers and suppliers. At the end of the day, the optimal polymer printing material depends on what the user is appearing to print, and thus it is significant to know what makes equite plastic one-of-a-kind and beneficial. Let’s discuss additional over in the 3D Matter & 3D Printing Polymers forum over at 3DPB.com.

[Source: 3D Matter]